Hepatitis is a liver inflammation. This condition can be caused by alcohol, a variety of medical conditions, and some medications. Viral infections, on the other hand, are the most frequent cause of hepatitis.
What exactly is hepatitis?
Hepatitis is an inflammatory disease of the liver. Hepatitis is most commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are also other causes. These include autoimmune hepatitis as well as hepatitis caused by medications, controlled substances, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis happens to be a condition in which the body creates antibodies against your liver tissue. Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E happen to be the five major viral classifications of hepatitis. Each category of viral hepatitis is caused by a different virus. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 354 million people worldwide are infected with chronic hepatitis B and C. If you do have hepatitis, you can try to find relief through hepatitis medicine malaysia.
Hepatitis A is caused by an infection of the hepatitis A virus (HAV). This type of hepatitis is a serious but short-term illness.
Contact with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) results in Hepatitis B. This is frequently a long-term, chronic condition. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that approximately 826,000 people in the United States and approximately 257 million people worldwide have chronic hepatitis B.
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes Hepatitis C. HCV is one of the most prevalent blood borne viral infections in the United States, and it usually manifests as a chronic condition. According to the CDC, an estimated 2.4 million Americans have a chronic form of this infection.
This is a rare type of hepatitis that only occurs in the presence of hepatitis B infection. Hepatitis D virus (HDV) creates liver inflammation like other strains, but a person could not contract HDV unless they already have hepatitis B. HDV affects nearly 5% of people with chronic hepatitis B worldwide.
Hepatitis E is a waterborne infection caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV). Hepatitis E is most common in places with poor sanitation and is usually caused by ingesting faeces that contaminate the water supply. According to the CDC, this disease is rare in the United States. Hepatitis E is generally acute but can be especially dangerous in pregnant women.
Non infectious hepatitis
Although hepatitis is most frequently caused by an infection, it can also be caused by other factors.
Alcohol and toxins
Excessive alcohol consumption can cause harm to the liver and cause inflammation. This is also known as alcoholic hepatitis. The alcohol directly damages the liver cells. It can cause long term damage and lead to liver tissue thickening or scarring (cirrhosis) and liver failure over time. Abuse of prescription drugs and exposure to toxins are two other toxic reasons for hepatitis.
Autoimmune system response
In some cases, the immune system misidentifies the liver and proceeds to attack it. This causes ongoing inflammation, which can range from mild to severe and generally causes problems with liver function. Women are three times more likely to be affected than men.